LINKS


A Lifetime Commitment !

A powerful picture of a man and his dog taken 15 years apart--
same man same dog. Owning a pet is a lifetime duty. If this is not
what you had in mind you might want to consider not getting a pet.

 



Spread the word!
HOT CARS KILL DOGS!!!
With this early heat arriving so soon, many people might not be thinking about the dangers posed to pets. Heatstroke, hot asphalt, dehydration and injured paw pads can be common to pets left outside or not cared for in this weather. Pets left in cars are even more endangered. Deadly at just 70º, you'd be wrong to think a window or two open a couple of inches is OK. Don't ever leave your pet in a hot car. (And be on safe side by always making sure your pet has fresh, cool water, gets walks at dusk and dawn, and avoids strenuous exercise during the hottest times of the day!)


The Danger of Over Vaccination
  Dr. Karen Becker



The Truth About Your Dog's Food !




IMPORTANT
   ***TO ALL CANINE OWNERS**  

THE TRUTH ABOUT SPAYING AND NEUTERING TOO EARLY
 
I WANT TO SHARE THIS IMPORTANT NEW VIDEO -  10/29/13
I HAVE BEEN RESEARCHING ON THIS AND I AGREE STRONGLY WITH DR.BECKER.
PLEASE research more on this so that you can make the right choice with your PET/PETS also

Dr. Karen Becker has MANY helpful health and educational videos for your pet on YOUTUBE.
 



IMPORTANT LINKS FOR NEW PUPPY OWNERS
Please read all links to help you prepare for your New Puppy


CLICK HERE FOR LIST OF DOG NAMES


Caring For Your Miniature Schnauzer

Top 10 Causes Of Accidental Death In Dogs 

Most Common Health Problems In Miniature Schnauzers

Canine Hypoclycemia

Canine Hyperlipidemia

Coccodia, Intestinal Parasite

Giardia, Parasitic Diarrhea

3 Puppy Vaccination Mistakes: Too Early, Too Often, Too Much

OVER Vaccinations Are Killing Our Pets!

New Vaccination Recommendations for Dogs

Poisonous And Unsafe Food List

Toxic and Non-Toxic Plants

Dog Owner's Veterinary Handbook

Pet Saftey and Securing your Home


NOW LET'S TALK ABOUT FOOD
A healthy and well balanced Diet with quality food will exstend your dogs life!!!

BEST 5 Star Puppy Food List

The Best Dog Food For Feeding Your Dog

The Second-Best Dog Food For Feeding Your Dog

Safe Treats and Dangerous Treats For Your Dog    

TRUST-A Deadly Disease
Author-Unknown

There is a deadly disease stalking your dog, a hideous, stealthy thing just waiting its chance to steal your beloved friend. It is not a new disease, or one for which there are inoculations. The disease is called "Trust". You knew before you ever took your puppy home that it could not be trusted. The breeder, who provided you with this precious animal warned you, drummed it into your head. Puppies steal off counters, destroy anything expensive, chase cats, take forever to house train, and must never be allowed off the lead!!

When the big day finally arrived, heeding the sage advice of the breeder, you escorted your puppy to his new home, properly collared and tagged, the lead held tightly in your hand.

At home the house was "puppy-proofed". Everything of value was stored in spare bedroom, garbage stowed on top of the refrigerator, cats separated, and the gate placed across the living room to keep at least one part of the house puddle free. All windows and doors had been properly secured, and signs placed in all strategic points reminding all to "Close the door!"

Soon it becomes second nature to make sure the door closes nine tenths of a second after it was opened and that it is really latched. "Don't let the dog out" is your second most verbalized expression. (The first is "No!")

You worry and fuss constantly, terrified that your darling will get out and disaster will surely follow. Your friends comment about whom you love most, your family or the dog. You know that to relax your vigil for a moment might lose him to you forever.

And so the weeks and months pass, with your puppy becoming more civilized every day, and the seeds of trust are planted. It seems that each new day brings less destruction, less breakage. Almost before you know it, your gangly, slurpy puppy has turned into an elegant, dignified friend.

Now that he is a more reliable, sedate companion, you take him more places. No longer does he chew the steering wheel when left in the car. And darned if that cake wasn't still on the table this morning. And, oh yes, wasn't that the cat he was sleeping with so cozily on your pillow last night?

At this point you are beginning to become infected, the disease is spreading its roots deep into your mind.

And then one of your friends suggest obedience classes, and, after a time you even let him run loose from the car into the house when you get home.

Why not, he always runs straight to the door, dancing a frenzy of joy and waits to be let in. And, remember he comes every time he is called. You know he is the exception that disproves the rule. (And sometimes late at night, you even let him slip out the front door to go potty and then right back in.)

Years pass-it is hard to remember why you ever worried so much when he was a puppy. He would never think of running out the door left open while you bring in the packages from the car. It would be beneath his dignity to jump out the window of the car while you run into the convenience store. And when you take him for those wonderful long walks at dawn, it only takes one whistle to send him racing back to you in a burst of speed when the walk comes too close to the highway. (He still gets into the garbage, but nobody is perfect!)

This is the time the disease has waited for so patiently. Sometimes it only has to wait a year or two, but often it takes much longer. He spies the neighbor dog across the street, and suddenly forgets everything he ever knew about not slipping out doors, jumping out windows or coming when called due to traffic. Perhaps it was only a paper fluttering in the breeze, or even just the sheer joy of running....

Stopped in an instant. Stilled forever-Your heart is broken at the sight of his still beautiful body. The disease is trust. The final outcome, hit by a car.

Every morning my dog bounced around off lead exploring. Every morning for seven years he came back when he was called. He was perfectly obedient, perfectly trustworthy. He died fourteen hours after being hit by a car.

Please do not risk your friend and your heart. Save the trust for things that do not matter. Please read this every year on your puppy's birthday, lest we forget.

Distributed by Schnauzer Rescue Information


 

Breed History, Color Prejudice, and FCI Standard

  Courtesy and credit to www.miniatureschnauzer.ca

The purebred Miniature Schnauzer is an intelligent, loving, non shedding breed that originated in Germany. The most common purebred registerable colors for Miniature Schnauzers are salt & pepper and black, with black & silver and white being a little less common, and chocolate (also known as liver) and parti colors being even more uncommon. According to early records, the Mini Schnauzer is believed by most breed historians and enthusiasts to have been created by breeding the Standard Schnauzer to smaller breeds such as the Affenpinscher, Poodle, and/or Miniature Pinscher. This was done mainly by farmers, to bring down the size to create a more suitable all-round smaller farm dog with the same schnauzer look, with the capabilities of being a ratter, barnyard watchdog, and personal companion for families. Color was simply not a determining factor at that time in the attempt to create a smaller intelligent healthy farm dog to be known as the Miniature Schnauzer.

It is from these breed outcrosses while developing the breed, that other colors besides the traditional black and salt & pepper came about, just as can happen in the creation of any new breed. Included in the newly produced *other* colors right from the beginning were white, black & silver, chocolate (liver), chocolate (liver) and tan, and any of these colors as patches of color on a white base - known as parti color. These colors were original in the newly created Mini Schnauzer breed right from the beginning, and some breeders resistant to any change habitually culled (killed) these *other* colors from their litters, pretending that such colors did not exist in THEIR pedigrees. Even the currently beloved *show* recognized black and silver color was ostracised for quite some time. However, truly discerning breeders welcomed these new color variations because it meant more variable genes, adding more depth and versatility to pedigrees so that future lineage in this newly created breed would not be too tightly bred (which eventually and inevitably brings forth health issues).

The last thing any purebred animal lineage needs is total lack of genetic diversity to draw upon to create future generations. This is especially important when some choose to ostracize top quality healthy animals based solely on something as mundane as *other* colors which cause no legitimate harm whatsoever to the breed. Breeds with lines absent of any genetic diversity, are sadly seen all too often in so many of todays purebreds, which are riddled with serious health issues, due to *breeder ignorance* and *kennel blindness*. It is sad to see so many show breeders who proudly yet hypocritically ooze their color prejudice .... breeders whose primary consideration is to eliminate all *other* colour competition at all costs. These kinds of show breeders try and monopolize the breeding, showing, and sale of purebreds, for their own purely selfish reasons, touting the show driven *breed standard* as if it were the bible and is if they are *dog Gods* . The reality is that breed standards were and are written... and re-written.... by little cliques of color prejudiced breeders like themselves, to suit their own needs. Yet the AKC (American Kennel Club) and CKC (any time you see CKC on my website it indicates the respected CANADIAN Kennel Club) have registered these *other* color 100% purebred dogs for decades into centuries, or longer...generation after generation, these dogs being certified by pedigree to be as pure in their genetic makeup as any dog you see in a show ring. The genetics of these *other* color dogs is just as pure, despite that a human-decided human-oriented show standard was written - created and perpetuated - by show clubs filled with cliques of color prejudiced breeders, for so long.

Thank goodness for the history of the reputable *other* color breeders through the years. (Yes there are questionable/unethical other-color breeders just as there are plenty of questionable/unethical show breeders of the show colors.) These other-color breeders of the past (and still current day), were not scared off by the venomous tactics of color-prejudiced breeders. These other-color breeders simply appreciated the beauty and variation that these new colors could provide in this newly created breed back in the day. These other colors were seen in this breed back into the 1880's and were fully registerable at that time by the PSK (Germany's Pinscher-Schnauzer Club), and despite human oriented rewritten show standards over the years, these *other* colors have remained purebred and registerable with some of the most respected major purebred dog registries ever since, being bred directly or carried as a recessive gene, for generation upon generation.

These additional colors have remained and bred true all these years. This is thanks to respected breeders such as Countess v Kanitz in Podangen (East Prussia) Germany, breeder of Abbagamba Miniature Schnauzers in Germany in the early 1900's. The Countess produced parti color pups born from two solid black parents, (both of whom had solid black coloration for 6 generations), and these parti color pups and their progeny were selectively bred and have carried forth the parti color gene to the present day purebred parti colored Miniature Schnauzers, despite the color prejudice encountered all along the way.

Follow the below link for pictures of the early Abbagamba parti color Minis!

http://www.maximilianschnauzers.com/parti-history.php

All these *other* colors can be fully registered with the two largest most respected dog-registering bodies in North America, perhaps in the world, the CKC (Canadian Kennel Club) and the AKC (American Kennel Club), and as such are fully purebred dogs with certified pedigrees, and have been so for just as long as the *show* colors of Mini Schnauzers. If any show breeder really wants to prove what a hypocrite they are, they try and claim that dogs with these other colors are not purebreds, they say they are mixed breeds with fake pedigrees. How ironic and hypocritical is it that when they do this...they then call into question the validity of ALL CKC and ALL AKC pedigrees, including their own, since ALL of us have to abide by the same rules, regulations and practises when it comes to registering ALL colors of ALL purebreds. So what purpose does that serve? Certainly not any interest in the truth!! There certainly has been plenty of DNA proof over the years to show that these *other colored* Miniature Schnauzers are indeed as purebred as their own show dogs. They could not be AKC and CKC registered otherwise! The proof, in this case, IS in the pedigrees!

The only issue is color prejudice: the show clubs for generations have decided that they prefer to keep *other* colours out of the show ring, to lessen the competition for show wins and puppy sales and stud service etc., which could deeply hurt them after all, lol. But no matter how tall they try to stand on their soapboxes or how loud they try to roar, they simply have ZERO credibility when they say that these other colours are in any way non-purebred, since clearly two of the most respected registries in the world, the CKC and AKC, will gladly tell you that they ARE 100% purebred, but simply cannot be shown in conformation shows due to written standards decided by show clubs. Seems a simple case of immature and selfish color prejudice to anyone with a little common sense!

As for white in particular, it has come along a bit faster then the chocolate/liver and parti colors have in terms of acceptance. When you hear that the color white (or any *other* color) is not *recognized or accepted* by a particular kennel club, all that means is that said color cannot be shown in conformation shows. That is it, big deal. It says nothing about the quality, health or temperament of the 100% purebred *other* color dog. It is still a 100% registered purebred with 100% certified pedigree, and can be shown in every other aspect of dogs such as obedience, agility, etc. The black/silver for instance was just as disqualifying a SHOW color in FCI countries as the white was, and both these colors were recognized as an official SHOW color (accepted for conformation in FCI countries), in 1968. The white mini schnauzer is accepted for show in ALL FCI-countries, (over 50 total). It is interesting to note that the white IS fully accepted (even in conformation shows) in Germany, the miniature schnauzer's country of origin. Only a few countries have SHOW clubs that do not accept white for conformation shows, even though they are fully registerable certified purebreds with their national dog registries. These countries are USA, Canada, Australia, UK and South Africa. Although these countries are large, they are obviously in the minority when it comes to accepting white in conformation shows!

As hypocritical as it clearly is, color prejudice is very much continued today, much to the detriment of many breeds, just like it is in the Miniature Schnauzer. The purebred dog fancy still has a long way to go if they truly want the public to believe that they are open minded, honest caring people who want only the best for the future of the purebred dog fancy. Maybe it is way past time these kind of color-prejudiced show breeders dropped their biased color prejudices, and instead focus on the health and temperament of their breeds... and use all the purebred genetics available to them, to honestly strive to improve the breed in a way that truly matters, by trying to create the healthiest dogs with the best temperaments possible... instead of sadly doing nothing more then trying to create the winningest show dogs possible.

[Click here] for more information on white coat color in miniature schnauzers. [Click here] for a link to the FCI standard for the miniature schnauzer.

The average size of a miniature schnauzer is 12-14 inches, and the weight tends to average 12-18 pounds. Their life expectancy is about 12-15 years if properly cared for. The mini schnauzer is a robust active dog who is squarely built, with a distinctive beard and eyebrows. They are seen with either an intact natural tail or a docked tail. Ears are now usually found to be natural drop ears on most dogs, hanging naturally, breaking just above the skull and hanging neatly on the head. Cropped ears are now usually only done by show breeders in a few countries, and hopefully these countries will catch up with the rest of the civilized world, where it is becoming illegal in more and more places to cut body parts of living creatures for no reason. We personally feel that natural ears are much more expressive, with a much softer appearance to the face, and natural tails are much more expressive also and are very much needed for proper communication, balance etc. The mini is a relatively small but sturdy dog, not at all toyish, and is a very hardy companion for both young and old alike. As they are a non-shedding breed, they do require regular grooming. They should be clipped every eight weeks or so, and the eyebrows, beard, and leg furnishings should be brushed several times a week to prevent matting. Nails should be trimmed every month at least, preferrably every two weeks. To prevent dental problems later in life teeth should be brushed at least several times weekly with special doggy toothbrush and toothpaste.

 

Temperament and Personality

Miniature schnauzers are a very charming and attractive breed, displaying unbound devotion and love to their family, and demanding the same in return! Minis tend to be very intelligent, easily trainable, and very clean. They are as at home in an apartment as they are in the country, and love to go for a walk, or just play fetch in the living room. They get plenty of exercise following you from room to room, as they never want to be without you. They can be a bit stubborn when trying to get their way, but are very clever in "teaching YOU" to do what they wish. They are not incessant barkers if raised and trained properly, but will readily announce anything or anyone that is out of place. Many schnauzers are "talkers", in that they are very vocal when greeting you; for instance when you have been away and returned home. It is not barking, but a "woo-woo, roo-roo, grunt groan" type of sheer bliss that you have finally returned to love them, even if all you did was go get the mail!!!!


Health Issues

Mini schnauzers are generally a healthy breed, and are not usually plagued by very many health problems. One of the biggest problems with minis seems to be controlling their weight. But regular exercise and proper nutrition will easily control this problem. One particular nutrition related problem that is occuring with increasing frequency in miniature schnauzers is pancreatitis. It is not clearly understood, but appears to be associated with the fact that many mini schnauzers have high blood serum lipids (fats). Symptoms generally include lack of appetite, repetitive vomiting and diarrhea, abdominal pain, lethargy and depression. It is very much an emergency situation which requires immediate veterinary care to prevent more serious illness or even death. It can be prevented by maintaining your adult mini on a lower fat diet. Another potential life-threatening problem is hyper-sensitivity to vaccines. Symptoms include facial swelling and extreme itchiness, and possible breathing problems. Vomiting and diarrhea can also occur.

Your puppy/dog should never be left alone after vaccinations are given, as any delay in treatment for allergic reactions to vaccines can be fatal. Most serious reactions have been known to occur within eight hours after injection, but be watchful up to 24 hours or so in case your dog has not read the book and reacts later than usual. Eye problems which can occur in the breed include congenital juvenile cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy, both of which cause blindness. Good breeders have their breeding stock screened by a board certified ACVO opthalmologist. Other problems which are not necessarily common, but can occur in the breed, include urolithiasis (urinary tract infections and/or bladder stones), hypothyroidism, skin/allergy problems, liver shunts, epilepsy, juvenile kidney failure, and heart defects. Even though some of these problems are more prevalent in this breed than in some other breeds, they are not all hereditary. And to make things more complicated, some of them can be either hereditary or acquired (non-hereditary). This can make things more complicated when it comes to breeding decisions, guarantees etc., but no good breeder would deliberately use a dog in their breeding program which has a known hereditary problem.

Health Update as of 2011. There has been a lot of controversy for a number of years surrounding over vaccination of puppies and dogs, and the long term serious health issues which that can potentially cause! Unfortunately you cannot always trust your vet to do what is right for your dog. Many vets tend to generalize and use the same vaccine protocols for every single puppy or dog in their practise, regardless of very different individual circumstances. This is just unacceptable today with the up to date knowledge that is easily accessible! You would not have to give a small breed country house dog that is never around other dogs, the same variety of vaccines and preventatives that you would give a dog that travels extensively to various provinces or goes to dog shows or dog parks where contact with innumerable bacteria, viruses, parasites etc. is much more likely. Some vaccines such as Lepto are known to cause such severe reactions that many vets refuse to use them in many parts of the world unless ABSOLUTELY necessary. Some vaccines only cover one or two strains out of hundreds, and the strains covered may not even exist in your geographical area! It pays to do some research before injecting, spraying or feeding your pet with anything that you do not have to. Please, be your own and your pet's best advocate. There is an abundance of info on the web in regards to proper vaccination protocols. The world reknowned leaders in vaccine research are Dr. W. Jean Dodds and Dr Ronald D. Schultz, whose vaccination protocol is now being adopted by ALL 27 North American veterinary schools.

Now let's talk about fleas. If your dog does not have fleas, do not use flea preventatives month after month! I have only used flea preventatives once or twice a year some years, many other years not at all. I use it ONLY as needed, not as most vets would have you do, (start as the snow melts and go every month until frost...) that is such an unnatural intrusion on my dogs' wellbeing, which has proven to be totally unnecessary in the 30 years I have been involved with dogs! Don't waste your money and don't risk your dog's health. If you see fleas, do only what is necessary to eliminate them. That does not necessarily mean you have to use flea products for 6-8 months on end. If you live somewhere that you have to and you know that, fine, but do not do it if is not needed, it all affects the immune system of your pet!


Dewclaw Removal

Dewclaws may be present on both the front and hind feet, but are more commonly found on the front, a little higher and tighter fitting on the leg, much like a thumb. Dewclaws are traditionally removed at birth or during the first days of life, so there is hopefully less pain felt. Dewclaws are removed using veterinary suture removal scissors. They have a little hook that can be placed firmly behind the dewclaw allowing for a clean quick cut, and there is usually minimal bleeding. Some people claim that if dewclaws are not removed they can cause many problems in adult dogs. Admitedly, the dewclaws, if not kept cut short, can grow around and grow right into the side of the foot or foot pad, which is a very painful and needless thing. This is of course the responsibility of the owner to keep the dewclaw cut short along with all the rest of the dogs nails, and is in no way a reason/excuse to remove the front dewclaws from all puppies. The front dewclaw is in many ways like a human thumb, and has been shown to be used by some dogs in balancing while running and turning, as well as to help hold toys or bones they are playing with or chewing on. Imagine not having such use of your thumb, how much more limited your function would be. It is no different for dogs. The front dewclaw is there for a reason and should not be removed without medical reason.

People also claim that dewclaws can get hooked on everything, even carpet, and if they tear it can be painful and can bleed profusely and be very traumatic for both dog and owner. While in theory this is true, medical research says that the front dewclaw is no more likely to get hurt or damaged than any of the other toenails, and we do not remove all of those from all dogs! The only case that appears to have some basis in fact is regarding rear dewclaws, which tend to be much more loosely attached with saggy skin, lower on the foot, and it is acceptable and even advisable to remove rear dewclaws in many cases for this reason, as they are much more likely to get snagged and cause injury. It is much better to prevent such problems with rear dewclaw removal in most cases.

In my own experience, over the many many years I have bred dogs, I have never had a dewclaw injury, and I have had dogs of various breeds with intact front dewclaws. I have had three normal nail injuries (no dewclaws) in 25+ years in dogs, none of which caused any long term problems, and my research both online as well as in person with many vets over the years show the same sort of low numbers of actual front dewclaw injury....certainly not enough of a statistical problem to ever warrant even considering the needless removal of all dewclaws in all puppies.


Tail Docking

We are no longer docking tails unless there is a medical reason to do so at birth. Therefore virtually all our pups in the future will have natural tails.

Tail docking is a procedure that is still practised by some vets and breeders, and is usually done at about three days of age. There has been much controversy about docking tails over the years, and it is much more in the forefront again the last year or so since it is becoming so well known that docking tails is proven to have no benefit whatsoever to most dogs and there is no legitimate reason for doing most dogs. After much personal experience and research with our breed, we have decided that we are going to strongly promote the end of tail docking at least in our breed where we have some small bit of control. There is really no need whatsoever to dock tails on a mini schnauzer in this day and age. People will use the reasons, a show dog will do better (in Canada and the US and a few other countries) so they use that as an excuse. Who is benefiting?? The dog?? I think not. Another reason used it that a friend or relative has one and theirs is docked, and they do not want their dog to be *different*. Who is benefiting?? The dog?? I think not.

There has been much said and written about docking tails. The tail of the mini schnauzer is not weak, it is not easily broken, and it will not get damaged by normal everyday life including a walk in the woods or a hike on a trail or against your living room table....no more so then any other breed with a tail would do. I have never heard of any miniature schnauzer doing damage to a tail while on a walk in the woods or during normal everyday living. Do you really think that the thousands of dogs of various breeds overseas, in countries where tail docking is illegal for very good reason, are all running around with damaged or broken tails? Those dogs are doing just fine I can assure you.

Docking is painful to the pup even if for a short duration; some pups get over it rather quickly but some may cry on and off for a few hours after it is done. There is not usually a lot of bleeding but on occasion there will be heavier bleeding that needs to be dealt with and controlled. There is stress to the pup and to the mom who must be locked away while it is done so she does not get upset when her babies cry.

There is also a condition known as ghost tail or phantom tail which has been documented and proven to exist, much like amputees have phantom limb. The dog feels as if the tail is still there, and can even intermittently feel sudden stabbing pain if the nerve endings do not heal properly after the tail has been removed. This is not a common problem but it does happen more often then one would care to admit. Some dogs have it their entire lives, while some outgrow it after puppy hood as the docked tail grows and changes as the dog matures. Either way, it is a potential pain that there is no need of inflicting on any pup when there IS a choice!!!

Please, when thinking of getting a mini schnauzer, do NOT go with the flow, make the decision to do what is best for your pup...choose to keep the tail intact and be one of the many people to try and put an end to tail docking in the countries where it still exists today!!


Ear Cropping

Cropping of ears was done originally to protect the dog from injury while working or hunting. Then as breeds began to attend dog shows it became the norm and is now part of the official breed standard for many breeds. Personally, we do not crop our dogs' ears and do not recommend having it done. There are no benefits that we can think of at this time for cropping any miniature schnauzer's ears. Even though we have never cropped the ears of any dog or puppy ourselves, we have heard and read that there is a lot of aftercare required of the cropped ears, and that it is usually very painful for the dog. Some people claim that cropped ears are healthier and there is less risk of ear infection in a cropped dog. Out of our many mini schnauzers over the years who were all natural eared until Katie and Livia arrived in 2010, we have never had one single ear infection. Proper care and cleanliness of the ears is required, not ear cropping. A lot of show dogs are still done, but hopefully that will change when people's attitudes change about what really matters when it comes to form and function in dogs. It would take quite some doing to damage the ears while living a normal home life, even if *play* hunting on a walk in the woods. Since cropping of the ears is a complicated and painful surgical procedure that requires anesthesia, we see no purpose for it in the future of most breeds of dogs. Not only that, more and more vets are reluctant to do the procedure without very good reason, and I know that the Atlantic Veterinary College in Canada does not even train new vets how to do it at all. Many Veterinary Medical Associations are banning their members from doing such painful unnecessary cosmetic procedures, and enacting such bylaws and/or legislation is long overdue! Cropping ears is becoming a VERY *taboo* thing to do. It is already illegal in many countries, and that will hopefully become a much more widespread thing.


Additional Information on Cropping and Docking

The Criminal Code of Canada (CCC) 445.1 (1) (a) states that one cannot wilfully cause, or being the owner, wilfully permit to be caused unnecessary pain, suffering or injury to an animal. Case Law provides that such suffering need not be substantial if it is not “justified” or is considered unnecessary “as being inflicted without necessity” (402 (1) (a)). A conviction under the CCC requires that two things must be proved: first that pain was inflicted and that second, it was inflicted cruelly, that is, without necessity, or in other words as cited by Case Law “without good reason.” It is further noted in Case Law that the amount of pain is of no importance, inclusive of duration and severity, if the pain is inflicted wilfully.

Quotes:

"(Tail docking) is a barbaric operation which is performed on un-fortunate puppies in certain breeds for show purposes only. The removal of the dogs tail, which was given to him to wag when pleased, is a sad reflection on civilized people. The removal of the tail in no way benefits the dog. Breeders who have docked hundreds of tails say that the puppies hardly feels it, but that is not the point. It is wrong for a human to mutilate a beautiful dog for such a paltry reason as a show..... Future generations will look back in horror at this unnecessary cruelty." - Hilary Harmer, The Dobermann, 1968

It should be noted "the tail is not merely an inconsequential appendage. It is an anatomically and physiologically significant structure which has many biological functions that should not be underestimated.’ For example, ‘the tail acts as a counterbalance when the dog is leaping, walking along narrow structures, or climbing.’ …[T]he tail plays an important role in defecating, and that the muscles used to wag the tail may also strengthen the perineal area and prevent perineal hernias. In addition, the dog uses the tail to signal many emotions and intentions. As a result, tail docking can adversely affect the interaction of a dog with other dogs or with humans. Furthermore, the tail enhances human-dog interactions, as the tail is the most obvious means of communication between human and dog. Finally, the absence of a tail may cause a dog to be the victim of attacks by other dogs due to an inability to communicate." Cropping and Docking: A Discussion of the Controversy and the Role of Law in Preventing Unnecessary Cosmetic Surgery on Dogs published by The Animal Legal & Historical Center of the Michigan University College of Law

The information below has been researched and found in various articles, news releases, government statements, etc, on the internet. This information we believe to be accurate, but in no way can we guarantee 100% authenticity.

Countries where cropping ears is banned:

Australia, Ireland, New Zealand , Singapore , Turkey, Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Ear cropping has been prohibited by the European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals and strongly discouraged by a number of national veterinary associations in Argentina, Canada, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Estonia, France, Hong Kong, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Malaysia,. New Zealand, Poland, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, and Uruguay.

Countries where docking tails is banned:

France, Hungary, Italy, England - From April 6th, 2007 cosmetic tail docking will be illegal in England with the exception of certified working dogs. Scotland - In Scotland there will be a total ban on tail docking with no exemptions from the 30th of April. Any breeder who transfers puppies across the border to be docked will face a £5,000 ($10,000) fine or 6 months in jail. Wales - A ban is already being enforced in Wales since 27th of March, and a date has yet to be set for Northern Ireland

Countries where both procedures are banned:

Australia, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Israel, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, South Africa, Virgin Islands, Italian Cities of Turin and Rome.

Veterinary statements:

  • In Canada the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association has issued a position statement that "cosmetic surgery is unnecessary. Surgical alterations in cases of injury or for reasons of health are not considered cosmetic". Examples of cosmetic procedures listed include tail docking and ear cropping in the canine species.
  • The World Small Animal Veterinary Association has issued this statement: "The WSAVA considers amputation of dogs' tails to be an unnecessary surgical procedure and contrary to the welfare of the dog. The WSAVA recommends that all canine organizations phase out any recommendations for tail amputations (docking) from their breed standards. The WSAVA recommends that the docking of dogs' tails be made illegal except for the professionally diagnosed therapeutic reasons, and only then by suitably qualified persons such as registered veterinarians, under conditions of anesthesia that minimize pain and stress."
  • The Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights takes the following position: "The Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights is opposed to various surgeries done to meet "breed standards" or to correct so-called vices. Procedures such as ear cropping, tail docking, or debarking in dogs, or declawing in cats are unacceptable because of the suffering and disfigurement they cause an animal are not offset by any benefits to the animal. If such a procedure can be shown to be necessary for medical or humane reasons, then it is permissible. The "breed standards" for dogs must be altered to allow the animals to be shown without being surgically mutilated."
  • The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has offered only the following equivocal position statement: "Ear cropping and tail docking in dogs for cosmetic reasons are not medically indicated nor of benefit to the patient. These procedures cause pain and distress, and, as with all surgical procedures, are accompanied by inherent risks of anesthesia, blood loss, and infection. Therefore, veterinarians should counsel dog owners about these matters before agreeing to perform these surgeries".
  • The American Animal Hospital Association has taken the position that ear cropping and tail docking in pets for cosmetic reasons are not medically indicated nor of benefit to the patient.
  • The Australian Veterinary Association also has policies that condemn various cosmetic procedures such as tail docking of dogs and ear cropping of dogs.

More links:

Some of the following information is quoted from:
Animal Welfare Series: Brochure #4, produced by Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre, Atlantic Veterinary College, University Of Prince Edward Island as well as The National Canadian Veterinarian Medical Association anti docking/cropping poster printed Nov/09.


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A PET'S TEN COMMANDMENTS.........

   1. My life is likely to last 10-15 years. Any separation from you is likely to be painful.

   2. Give me time to understand what you want of me

   3. Place your trust in me. It is crucial for my well-being.

   4. Don't be angry with me for long and don't lock me up as punishment.
       You have your work, your friends, your entertainment, but I have only you.

   5. Talk to me. Even if I don't understand your words, I do understand your voice
       when speaking to me.

   6. Be aware that however you treat me, I will never forget it.

   7. Before you hit me, before you strike me, remember that I could hurt you, and yet,
       I choose not to bite you.

   8. Before you scold me for being lazy or uncooperative, ask yourself if something
       might be bothering me. Perhaps I'm not getting the right food, I have been in the sun
       too long, or my heart might be getting old or weak.

   9. Please take care of me when I grow old. You too, will grow old.

 10. On the ultimate difficult journey, go with me please. Never say you can't bear to watch.
       Don't make me face this alone. Everything is easier for me if you are there,
       because I love you so.


 

 

 

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